(Motacilla trochilus, Linn.—Le Pouillot ou le Chantre, Buff.)
LENGTH above five inches. The bill is brown, the inside and edges yellow; eyes hazel; upper parts of the plumage yellow, inclining to a pale olive green; the under pale yellow; over each eye there is a whitish streak, which in young birds is very distinct; the wings and tail are dusky brown, with pale edges: legs yellowish brown.
There are three distinct species* of these, of which the Yellow Wren is the largest; the following two differ in their size as well as note; their form and manners are, however, very similar. This species is rather scarce here. It is sometimes seen on the tops of trees, whence it often rises singing; its note is rather low, and soft, but not much varied. It builds its nest in plantations or coppices, and on the ground; it is composed of a great quantity of materials which lie scattered about, such as the leaves of the holly, which have been dissected by insects, for its covering, and lined with the withered stems of small grasses: the entrance is on the side. The eggs, about six in number, are white, and more or less closely spotted with deep brown.
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